ConceptsTechnology

What is Economics of Public Construction Technology?

Analysis, evaluation, demonstration and selection of the economic effects of technical schemes throughout the process of design, construction and use of public buildings.

Public buildings are buildings that serve the public or conduct social activities in them, including: office buildings, schools, libraries, hospitals, shopping malls, hotels, theaters, stadiums, stations, and waiting rooms. These buildings have diverse functions, complex equipment, large engineering volume, high technical and architectural requirements, and relatively expensive construction and maintenance fees.

Analyze, compare and evaluate the economic effects of the technical schemes of public buildings, in order to carry out economic demonstrations for the selection of schemes and improve economic benefits.

Research content In terms of design, it is necessary to save construction and maintenance and use costs as much as possible under the premise of meeting the established functional requirements. For this, it is necessary to study the general layout of the building, the layout of the public building area for different purposes and their organic combination, the selection of the structure, the methods of decoration, and the effects of water supply, lighting, ventilation, air conditioning, heating, waterproofing, fireproofing, earthquake, communications and other facilities The suitability of public buildings for specific purposes, and the corresponding levels of construction, management, maintenance and energy consumption are used to carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the economic effects.

In terms of construction, according to the characteristics of the building and the specific conditions of the construction site, effective construction methods and mechanical equipment should be selected, and the construction period should be reasonably arranged and strive to use the least amount of manpower. labor and material resources. , in the shortest possible time, according to the design requirements. Completed and delivered for your use.

In terms of use, effective measures must be taken to reduce the costs of use, administration and maintenance, save energy consumption and replace equipment or components in a timely and reasonable manner, and carry out the necessary renovations so that public buildings take advantage of the maximum of its economic capacity. life. utility.

Evaluation rate Different public buildings have different technical and economic evaluation rates. The most used are: Area and volume indicators, which include: building area, building volume, usable area, traffic area, public area, auxiliary area, structural area, as well as the area of ​​the main buildings and the total area . construction ground. Expenditure and income indicators, including: total cost of the project, unit cost of the construction area, investment amount of each user unit (person, seat, bed, etc.), annual use, administration and maintenance costs and income , etc. Consumption indicators, which include: consumption of the main construction materials, labor and energy. Construction period indicators.

In addition, public buildings have obvious social attributes, reflecting the characteristics of the time, the scientific and technological level, the national style, and the artistic achievements of social development in a certain historical period. Therefore, in the comprehensive evaluation, the social effects, the artistic effects and others. factors must also be taken into account.

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