meaning of SAP
The German acronym SAP (Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung) translates into Portuguese as Systems, Applications and Products for Data Processing .
SAP is a type of ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning) business management software , created by a German company called SAP AG.
The main objective of the SAP system is to integrate all the departments of a company, providing solutions that add practicality to any type of production, in addition to improving communication between the different internal teams of a company.
SAP system modules
As a customized tool, SAP allows the customer (company) to adapt the system to their business model. Thus, SAP becomes accessible and personalized for each type of company and its business.
SAP works in stages, taking charge of managing the processes of each specific area of the company. However, it is up to the client to choose the ones that are really necessary for their business model, since some modules do not apply to the management of certain companies.
For the SAP system to fulfill its main objective within the company, the departments and stages need integration and communication with each other, depending on each other for the result of an efficient operation.
Some modules of the SAP system are:
- SAP MM – Materials Management : responsible for the management of materials, such as stock, etc;
- SAP SD – Sales and Distribution : responsible for the sales and distribution area;
- SAP FI – Financial Accounting : responsible for the financial area;
- SAP PP – Production planning and control : responsible for the production planning and control area;
- SAP HCM – Human Capital Management : responsible for the human capital area, that is, Human Resources, this stage is focused on people;
- SAP CO – Controlling : provides solutions for the administration of the company;
- QM – Quality Management : is responsible for managing the quality area of the company.
The structure and functioning of the SAP system in a company.
The SAP system is structured by the following steps: front-end , application , database, and ABAP . Each of these steps has different responsibilities within the functioning of the system, one linked to the result of the other.
- Front-end : it is the one that shows the user all the process information on the screen;
- Application : is responsible for data processing. Only after the data is processed in the application, the information is displayed on the front-end;
- Database : is responsible for storing the data processed in the application ;
- ABAP ( Advanced Business Application Programming ): is the technological language used in SAP, responsible for monitoring the information that appears on the front-end.
The benefits of the SAP system for a company
The SAP system was created to provide communication solutions and production convenience to companies. The greatest benefits provided by the SAP system are:
- Agility in production : by improving processes and eliminating unnecessary steps, a company’s production benefits from being able to produce the largest number of products in less time, with quality;
- Rapid diagnosis of faults : the system allows rapid diagnosis of faults, allowing decision-making and timely corrections quickly and effectively;
- Identification of possible risks : the system helps to map possible risks for the business, through specific functions with quality information, reducing effective losses;
- Automation : Helps to eliminate completely manual processes, avoiding possible human errors in simple operations.
In which companies can the SAP system be implemented?
SAP was created to serve any type of business, that is: industry, commerce or services, in small, medium or large companies.
In the small ones, the SAP system eliminates large manual processes, which reduces the greatest number of human errors into small actions.
In large companies, SAP helps control processes, which often have major communication failures that lead to mismanagement and huge losses.